We get questions about herpes ALL the time - it’s a common STI and the first sight of it can understandably cause stress for people. So, how is it transmitted? Like most STIs! Unprotected sex. But, there are some important things to know about the transmission of this STI:
—Transmission from an infected male to his female partner is more likely than from an infected female to her male partner.
—While the herpes virus can be found in and released from the sores that the viruses cause, they also are released between outbreaks from skin that does not appear to have a sore.
—People can transmit HSV-2, genital herpes, without knowing it and while having no symptoms.
—Generally, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection.
—HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips.
—HSV-1 infection of the genitals can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection.
—Genital HSV-1 outbreaks recur less regularly than genital HSV-2 outbreaks.
Ok, let’s address transmission - there are some unique elements to gonorrhea that we need to be aware of!!
—Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus.
—Ejaculation does not have to occur for gonorrhea to be transmitted or acquired.
—Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to baby during delivery.
—People who have had gonorrhea and received treatment may get infected again if they have sexual contact with a person infected with gonorrhea.
—Any sexually active person can be infected with gonorrhea. In the United States, the highest reported rates of infection are among sexually active teenagers and young adults.
The second point is one we’d like to highlight - ejaculation does not need to happen for gonorrhea to be transmitted, so that’s why it’s super important to pull on those condoms as soon as you think you might be getting busy!!
We’ve addressed symptoms, associated risks, and transmission of the most popular sexually transmitted infection in the U.S. So, what’s the bext way to stay safe and how do we get treated if we test positive?
Diagnosis and Treatment
Remember - prevention is always the best medicine!